Vachellia xanthophloea (Benth.) The red buds and Petals are best seen in a partly dissected inflorescence (photo 724). These Trees usually occur near water: swamps and pans and are common in dry deciduous woodlands and often near rivers. Vachellia xanthophloea (Fever Tree) - 100L. Jacana, Johannesburg. The genus name Vachellia is named a after George Harvey Vachell (1789 – 1839), chaplain to the British East India Company in Macoa, who collected plants in China. The powdery bark is greenish-yellow. Boon, R. 2010. Xanthoparmelia is used to treat sexual dysfunction, especially erectile dysfunction (ED), as well as to increase sexual desire (as an aphrodisiac). Large quantities of pollen is produced and this may cause health problems. It is papery, initially green (photo 122), and becomes yellowish brown or light brown (photo 123). Plant these trees well clear of buildings. Tenth Printing 1965. web interface by Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Young leaves are light green and mature leaves are dark green above and lighter below (photo 310). The peduncle has a ring of bracts attached to it. Vervet monkeys eat both leaves and flowers. Indigenous: Vachellia xanthophloea (Acacia xanthophloea) Commercial: Eucalyptus camaldulensis . This elongates after the pollen has been shed. Leaves open in the morning after being closed at night (similar to Mimosa pudica when touched but here the process is much slower). with help from To the north of the RSA, trees may also have white and even purplish flowers. The name xantorrhea was obtained because of the yellow resin, which the plant secrets with damage to the stem. Foden, W. & Potter, L. 2005. It produces masses of bright yellow round inflorescence. Your email address will not be published. Each spikes is an impressive golden ball of flowers (photo 275). Ubulawu is a term for plants that cause visionary and prophetic dreams, and allow one to connect with and receive messages from the ancestors and spiritual world. Infection is encouraged / enhanced by maintaining a moist / dark environment in the infected area. Richard Morris. Vachellia xanthophloea é uma espécie de leguminosa do gênero Vachellia, pertencente à família Fabaceae.. Referências The fever tree was named by early European settlers, who noticed that the likelihood of contracting malaria was greater in the vicinity of the trees (which tend to grow in swampy areas harboring mosquitoes). The Macmillan Company, New York. Avocado (Persea americana) is an important export crop for South Africa, contributing ZAR1.75 billion in export revenue to the gross domestic product. Acacia xanthophloea (Mukanya kudeis) is one of the ubulawu plants used by the Zulu’s. Mature Vachellia xanthophloea planted. The individual golden yellow, sweetly scented, bisexual Flowers are produced in large numbers and are actinomorphic (Regular, symmetrical. Conservation: National Status: L C (Least Concern). The database and code is licensed under a These trees are now quite widely planted in inland suburban areas. Struik, Cape Town. send a private message. One common lowveld tree that anyone can remember is fever tree (Vachellia xanthophloea): Its Grinch-colored bark is instantly recognizable. In this, slightly translucent pod, the shape of the developing young seeds can be seen. Vachellia xanthophloea 250-litres. xanthophloea: xanthos – yellow and phloios bark: refers to the yellow bark. A tussock moth, Bracharoa mixta (Snellen), is reported for the first time on avocado trees, scarring fruit and defoliating leaves. Vachellia xanthophloea 4500-litres. Lichen is an organism that is made up of fungus and algae living together. This Tree became well known after the publication of the Just so Stories for children by Rudyard Kipling. Bees are probably the main agent of Pollination. Stipules (basal appendage of the petiole) are spinescent, with white, straight spines that are usually slender and up to 8+cm long (photos 256, 05 & 50). Previously known as Acacia xanthophloea, this is a semi-deciduous to deciduous tree with an open rounded to spreading crown. Vachellia xanthophloea (Benth.) Vachellia xanthophloea 3000-litres. The golden Flower balls attract insects – including bees, and birds. The smooth bark may have patterned depressions caused by chunks of bark falling off (photo 1030). It makes an excellent ornamental for tropical climates. Exserted golden filaments produce flower colour. The Wood is heavy, hard and orange (photo 181) to almost white. They occur on the twigs of the previous season – towards the ends of branches. get them help and support. It is generally seen as a fungus infection. Here the lobes are a bright red (photo 724). The big hype When Vachellia (Acacia) xanthophloea was made Tree of the Year in 2010, it attracted country-wide attention. The Fruit is a thin Pod that is up to 13 x 1,4cm. (Jan-Apr). Flowers are bisexual and bracteate. Branches tend to point upwards (photos 781 & 276). George Harvey Vachell (1798-1839), chaplain to the British East India Company in Macao from 1825 to 1836, and a plant collector in China). There are 2-9 pairs of pinnae, each bearing about 8-20 pairs of smallish Leaflets (pinnules – photo 05) which are up to 6 x 1,8mm. Fruit is a non- sickle shaped pod up to 13cm long. Accessed on 2020/11/14. This plant has no children Legal Status. The Filaments and young Anthers are bright golden yellow, hiding the red corolla and portraying the flowers golden colour. Hurter is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Vachellia (family Leguminosae). Bisexual, regular, Flowers are in golden yellow reduced spikes. Here a hand lens will help. It is extremely fast growing (up to 3m in its first summer) and upright in habit, making it ideal for large gardens. Not a great shade tree but this feature enables grass and other plants to grow under it. Flora and Fauna Publications Trust, Durban. These taller than wide Trees (photo 276) range up to 30m high and have big spreading branches. Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lotter, M.C. The impressive trunk diameter in the photo taken at Lowveld Botanical Gardens is close to 1m wide. Acacia xanthophloea presents a spreading crown, branches with pairs of long spine s, bi pinnate foliage and fragrant flower s, ranging in color from creamy-white to pink to purple. Vachellia can be distinguished from other acacias by its capitate inflorescences and spinescent stipules. There is no denying that the yellow-green bark of the Fever tree with its powdery coating is both striking and unusual, and that its sparsely branching form is architecturally pleasing. Vachellia xanthophloea 500-litres. These plants have a capitate inflorescence and stipules that are spinescent. Lichen is an organism that is made up of fungus and algae living together. Giraffe eat the Pods and leaves. The attractive Trees are easy to grow from seed. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by The Calyx is up to 1,7mm long and the red Corolla is up to 3,5mm long. Food. Vachellia is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae, commonly known as thorn trees or acacias.It belongs to the subfamily Mimosoideae.Its species were considered members of genus Acacia until 2009. This is becoming a widely planted urban tree. Citrus canker (2,357 words) ... Vachellia xanthophloea (1,199 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article Queensland Vachellia xanthophlea is a prohibited invasive plant under the Biosecurity Act 2014 under which it must not be given away, sold, or released into. Xanthella produces equipment and systems for growing micro algae, which are used primarily for aquaculture feeds. The single Stigma has 1 filiform (thread or filament like) Style. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. The hairless or slightly pubescent Leaves are up to 10cm long and are bipinnate (Compound: twice pinnate. P.J.H.Hurter. 1979. The record derives from Tropicos (data supplied on 2012-04-18) which reports it as an accepted name (record 50325060) with original publication details: Pl.-Book (ed. Trees and Shrubs of Mpumalanga and the Kruger National Park. The long straight white thorns are arranged in pairs and although they are very significant on young trees they often become barely noticeable on mature specimens [ 295 The species of the genus Vachellia were considered members of the genus Acacia until 2005. The species name xanthophloea is derived from the greek words xanthos meaning yellow and phloios meaning bark. Ajna Fern Data Source and References for Vachellia xanthophloea (fevertree) from the USDA PLANTS database Balkema, Amsterdam, Cape Town. In some cases, this may require felling the entire tree. מגדיר צמחי הבר של ארץ ישראל.Study of wild plants of the holy land, Israel Long Description: This large sized deciduous tree is fast growing in the sun or semi-shade.It also grows well in a swampy, low lying areas and clay soils. (Aug-Nov). It has also become a landscape tree in other warm climates, outside of its natural range. & van Wyk, P. 1997 Field guide to Trees of Southern Africa. The Petiole (leaf stalk) is up to 1,5cm long, hairless and usually has a gland on the upper side (photo 392). Vachellia xanthophloea leaves. Green pods may bend but are not sickle shaped (photo 975). Trees of southern Africa. remember me reset password. In the genus Vachellia the inflorescence is capitate (head like) and spinescent stipules are present. Trees are Located in Lowveld Lebombo area and between KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga – excluding the coastal belt. (Pea, bean or legume family). Keith Coates Palgrave Trees of Southern Africa, edn 3. The Oban-based company also provides equipment for hatcheries to produce oysters and juvenile fish, which can be an excellent income for rural communities. Avenue of Vachellia xanthophloea - Cape Town. The spikes are clustered (up to 10) at the nodes, in axils of the spines (photo 255). If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. The Fabaceae are recognisable by their fruit and by their pinnately compound Leaves. Coates Palgrave, M. 2002. Plant description: With its distinctive, smooth lime to yellow-green branches and stem, the fever tree is common in the Kruger National Park and Limpopo Valley. If seasoned, it makes good furniture and is used for carving. Leaves fold closed at night or in very dry conditions. Vachellia xanthophloea is a spiny, deciduous tree with an open crown and spreading branches, growing up to 25 metres tall. It is one of the trees that was previously known as an acacia (although the genus name was recently changed to Vachellia – named after Rev. Each inflorescence (spike) is up to 1,4cm wide and supported by a short Peduncle (the stalk supporting the entire golden inflorescence). It was originally thought that the tree caused malaria, hence it's common name. 3) 1021 2008. The XanthRemover is very easy to apply. There are Glands on the upper side of the grooved Rachis (axis bearing flowers or leaflets) between the top pairs of pinnae. These trees may form their own forest. It was the swampy conditions that caused the malaria. Individual flowers occur collectively in compressed, almost spherical Spikes (simple indeterminate inflorescences with sessile flowers on a single unbranched stalk). Fallen thorns are a cause for concern. Interpreting Wetland Status. Leaves may also be simple and usually have stipules – some of which may be spinescent. Banfi & Galasso – fevertree Subordinate Taxa. The canker and surrounding areas must be excised and removed from the tree. The superior Ovary has one locule that may contain 1 or more ovules. 1). PRIME TREES, MISTICO FARM, R312 AGTER-PAARL. Lawrence, G. H. M, 1951. The species of the genus Vachellia were considered members of the genus Acacia until 2005. Lower branches fall early. The greenish yellow Bark is photosynthetic, smooth (very characteristic), and slightly flaking. Related Links. Schmidt, S. Lotter, M. & McCleland, W. 2002. It is a beautiful tree with its golden bark and long white thorns. Local Tree genera include Acacia (Vauchellia, Senegalia), Albizia, Bauhinia, Bolusanthus, Burkea, Calpurnia, Colophospermum, Cordyla, Cyclopia, Dichrostachys, Erythrina, Erythrophleum, Faidherbia, Indigofera, Mundulea, Peltophorum, Philenoptera, Piliostigma, Schotia and Xanthocercis. P.J.H. Ross, J. H. A conspectus of the African Acacia Species. The tree is somewhat deciduous and not densely leafy. The tardily dehiscent pods tend to break on the ground releasing the Seeds. xanthophloea 1 post karma 0 comment karma. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Any of various yellow pigments occurring in the leaves of plants and giving young shoots and late autumn leaves their characteristic color. The bipinnate Leaves have spinescent stipules. Acacia xanthophloea. The central axis or rachis has lateral “branches” not leaflets and the leaflets are on these pinnae “side branches”). Its Latin name comes from the tree’s yellowish bark. Struik, Cape Town. Assessed: 2005 (W. Foden and L. Potter). http://kumbulanursery.co.za/plants/vachellia-xanthophloea, http://witkoppenwildflower.co.za/vachellia-xanthophloea/, http://pza.sanbi.org/vachellia-xanthophloea, http://plantzafrica.com/plantab/acaciaxanth.htm, http://waynesword.palomar.edu/plaug99.htm, http://posa.sanbi.org/flora/browse.php?src=SP, Your email address will not be published. Botanical Research Institute. The bark collectors remove the bark with a knife, usually from larger-sized trees. These plants have a capitate inflorescence and stipules that are spinescent. The Mukanya Kude tree (Acacia xanthophloea) grows in swampy areas of the south and east of Africa. Vachellia xanthophloea (Benth.) 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