The European plum tree is the most common. Plum Varieties. This rootstock was developed by East … 'Boddarts … La Cresent Is a zone 4a freestone plum that not only looks like but has a slight taste of an apricot! Eat this one fresh because its incredible sweetness is rivaled by few other varieties . Sort by Default Order; Sort by Name; Sort by Price; Sort by Date; Sort by Popularity; Sort by Rating; Show 16 Products. Most European plum cultivars flower at the same time, providing an adequate bloom overlap for effective cross-pollination among them. The Empress Plum, as the Italian Prune Plum is sometimes referred to, has been in cultivation for well over 2,000 years. Fruit ripens between spring and fall, with the harvest of different types of European plums occurring at different points between May and September. Italian plums are similar to ' Stanley '. They bloom in late winter or early spring. This plum variety is considered one of the best European plums for its shape and taste. Below is a list of our European plum variety offerings. They are plums that have a high enough sugar content to allow growers to dry the plums in the sun without fermenting. 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Cultivars … Some European varieties are thought to come from the Prunus domestica, a wild plum tree that grows near the Caspian Sea. It has attractive white blossom in spring. The damson (/ ˈ d æ m z ə n /) or damson plum (Prunus domestica subsp. Pixy. italica var. These plums are often canned or made into jams or jellies. Most of our plum tree varieties … insititia, or sometimes Prunus insititia), also archaically called the "damascene", is an edible drupaceous fruit, a subspecies of the plum tree. One of the heaviest hitters in the world of European plums, Damsons tend to be a bit more tart than other types of plums. Most European plums are quite sweet but some are even sweeter. The plant is usually a large shrub or a small tree. Generally, Japanese plums … Japanese plums which are cultivated varieties derived mostly from Prunus salicina. European-type plums include the prunes and damsons: "Italian" and "Stanley" are two of the most famous. They are usually self-pollinating, so you can get by with one tree in the yard. Sign up for our newsletter. In habit of tree they resemble some- what the vigorous Chickasa varieties, but their foliage is peculiarly large and distinct. Improved varieties include 'Blue Damson', 'French Damson', and 'Shropshire Damson'. Combo European Plum Tree (4 varieties) This self-fertile, hardy tree on semi-dwarf rootstock will grow 12-15' tall and provide loads of red and purple fruit for canning, drying and fresh... View full details Besides fresh consumption, plums … The flesh is rather dry and very sweet. [Goodmans1914] Goodman’s catalogue of 1914 The catalogue used American spelling for words such as color (colour) and flavor (flavour) and this has been retained. Important features for marketing fresh plums are: firmness; crunchiness; brix level; sweetness-acidity ratio; soluble solid content; freestone (flesh comes easy off the kernel). European plum varieties Japanese plums varieties Cherry plums Plumcots Along with peaches and nectarines, plums are the defining fruit of the summer season. A few of the Japan plums are fairly hardy, but most of them are better adapted to the … List your favorite variety or varieties and why, and I will add it to the list here, with the ones with the most … So exactly what is a European plum? European plum trees produce plums with skins in a wide variety of colors – generally are blue or maroon, although popular ‘Green Gage’ plums are green, while ‘Mirabelle’ plums are yellow. Greengages and damsons are varieties of plums.. In addition to the European plums are the Japanese plums … The fruit from European plum trees (Prunus domestica) is usually oval or oblong with yellow flesh covered by a deep purple-blue skin. Rustic Plum Tart. This article compares the best plum tree varieties commonly grown in the UK. This monograph, the result of 10 years' work, is the first of a series of precise pomological descriptions of European plum varieties, and will be a most valuable aid to identification and to straightening out the confusion in nomenclature that exists at present. On the other hand, Japanese plums are better able to tolerate summer heat. What is a European plum? What Is A European Plum – Different Types Of European Plums There are two different kinds of plums: Japanese, Prunus salicina, and European, Prunus domestica. European plums come in all kinds of colors and flavors to choose from! They don’t contain a significant amount of water, so they’re useful for drying. Some varieties … claudiana), and all descendants from the original cultivar 'Reine Claude Verte' in France. Recommended cultivars for European and Japanese plums are listed in order of maturity in two groups in Table 1, Recommended European and Japanese Plum. It is a sweet plum that stores well and is a great dual purpose plum. If you would like to view our European plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. European plums, with a long history of cultivation, are one of the main plum species grown worldwide. Those listed under "General Planting" are mainly well-known cultivars with proven performance and established market value. Latin Name: Prunus … characteristics. To ensure the healthy growth of Moyer Plums, plant its crop with other European plum varieties like Brooks Plum. The most useful cultivars to grow in a garden are listed below. Gages are small, round and sweet, but grow best in a sunny spot. The smallish blue fruit is best for jam, jelly, and preserves. The standard for plum quality since the 17th century, Green Gage Plum is one of a group of classic and highly prized European Plum varieties. Within these species there are many varieties and hybrids varying from red, purple to yellow and green skin or flesh, many of which you can find for sale in Europe. This tree is normally grown for the fruit crop, but the attractive white flowers that appear in April make it a good specimen tree, as well. This can vary from year to year under unusual weather conditions. Vanette - The Vanette is a large, purple-blue, freestone plum. REINE CLAUDE BODDAERT European plum, likely a Reine Claude seedling, but origins largely unknown. The best quality is that Mayor Plums do not get affected by pests. Most plum varieties are self- incompatible (the flowers cannot receive pollen on its own to produce fruit) and require appropriate pollinators for reliable cropping. The Greengages are a variety of the Gages, (Prunus domestica ssp. Japanese plum trees are more likely than European varieties to require cross-pollination. What it boils down to is a one … The Greengages are a variety of the Gages, (Prunus domestica ssp. In ancient Rome there were reports to be over 400 varieties of European Plums cultivated. In the USA, European plums are eaten fresh, as fresh slices in salads and desserts, and processed as puree for baby food, baking, dried fruit, and fermented as alcoholic beverages, depending on the varieties. Shop 1200+ varieties from our USDA certified organic nursery. A deciduous tree, it includes many varieties of the fruit trees known as plums in English, though not all plums belong to this species. Gage plums and Greengage plums - The gages are a group of cultivars of the common European plum, (Prunus domestica ssp. Fruit is yellow, dry, tender, meaty, and sweet. Tomato line up of three different varieties sliced isolated on white. Empress – The Empress is a well-known European plum … St. Julien rootstock fruits. Plum varieties are quite varied; although the classic Victoria will undoubtedly spring to most peoples minds’ first, the pale coppery red oval fruits of this variety have come to epitomise ‘plum’ to most people. 3-in-1 Plum Tree . Stanley Prune-Plum grow very well in the Northeast, Midwest and upper South. The European plum is the usual source for prunes (dried plums) since many of the cultivars are freestone and processing the pits is simpler. Crt Jakhel wrote: We've had good experiences with the Serbian "Čačanska" (from the city of Čačak) cultivars - Čačanska rana (early), najbolja (best), lepotica (beauty), rodna (prolific). Black knot is problematic for varieties such as Stanley, Rosy Gage, and many other varieties. This tree is known only in cultivation, but it is planted around the world in temperate areas. Directions to ACN, Super Chief® Red Delicious (Sandidge Cv. These are extremely sweet plums that have dark burgundy to purple skin and juicy yellow-orange to amber flesh. In general, the fat, juicy red ones are Japanese, while European varieties are the smaller, oval, purple or blue fruits. About 20 varieties dominate the commercial supply of plums, and most originated in either Asia or Europe. The trees are small and self-pollinating, and the fruit ripens at the end of August or in September. What are the best varieties that you've tasted? italica var. Plant plum trees very early in winter. At the end of this article we suggest three varieties which will pollinate each other very successfully and provide a lengthy … Most Japanese plums are suitable for Georgia because they have been bred locally for better climate adaptation, improved tree health, and primary production in Southeastern states (Table 1).The choice of varieties for Georgia gardens dependson several factors. For colder sites, select Italian and Mount Royal. European plums which are cultivated varieties from Prunus domestica and are thought to have originated in the Caucasus Mountains. [Railton] Railton and Co … italica). Plums come in three distinct types, European, Japanese and American species. But the fruits of many varieties can be considerably larger, or petite, circular, or oblong. They bloom earlier than European plums, so they are more vulnerable to late frost damage. American hybrids are self-sterile and … Most likely the modern Italian Prune Plum was amongst these many early selections. Japanese plums have a longer shelf-life than most European varieties and are thus the most common fresh plum sold commercially. Green Gage bears large crops of yellowish green, juicy, firm and tender, oval fruit . Fruit Trees > Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. |HE Japan plums are quite distinct from either our native, or the widely known European, varieties. European-type plums are upright and can grow to be quite tall. This is a great choice for those who want to grow apricots but due to zoning cannot. Japanese plums can then be broken into red plums, black plums (more of a dark purple color), and yellow plums. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Smaller, semi-dwarf trees are easier to harvest and maintain. Cultivars listed under "Limited Planting" have value, but their planting should be limited for various reasons. European plum varieties make delicious prunes and jams. The most common European plums (scientific name Prunus domestica L.) are elongated, blue types, but other colors are available as well. The value of criteria for the identification of varieties. It is a medium to large-sized fruit with good firmness and sweetness with a medium acid content for a nice balanced flavor. They are often blue or purple, and their pits are usually freestone, meaning they separate easily from the flesh. European Plums Freshly harvested homegrown plums are vastly superior in sweetness and flavor to grocery store purchased fruit which are generally harvested under ripe in order to survive long distance shipping. European varieties have been known to be self fertile, which includes Blue Damson, Fruits are generally oval, smaller, and more variable in color than Japanese plums. Similarly, fruit setof self-fertile (the flowers can receive pollen on its own to produce fruit) varie… In spite of our stronger cultural connections with Europe when it comes to food, it is actually the Japanese plum that most people would identify as the typical American plum.Originally from China, these plums Whilst European plums … P.O. Moyer plums are a common purple plum and one of the most popular varieties. European plum trees grow well in the western U.S. Bloom Character Pollinizer needed Self-fertile Somewhat self-fertile Tends to biennial bear 'Boddarts Reneclode' (Germany) 'Bryanston' (UK) Compatible cultivars are offered if cross pollination is needed. ), 26 Nursery Road, The purpose was to develop a system of variety combinations which approaches an optimum in fertility as long as inter-fertility … However, you may get better yields if you do have compatible European plum trees in the neighborhood. If you don't have room to plant two trees that will pollenize each other, then it is best to plant a self … Most European plums are hardy to -20°F, or in Zone 5, but several varieties will tolerant the cold temperatures in Zone 4. They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. The long-term data collected at Vineland shows that May 16-19 is the average full-bloom date period among different cultivars. Adjust accordingly for other locations.) Prunes are one of the various types of European plums. Plum Trees - European Plum trees in this list are among the sweetest plums in our catalogue, originating in Europe, and include the famous Green Gage plum, and also the many different types of Prune plum trees Sort by Default Order Show 16 Products Of course you can also consume them as a fruit or use them to … Varieties of insititia are found across Europe, but the name damson is derived from and most commonly applied … claudiana), and all descendants from the original cultivar 'Reine Claude Verte' in France. Adjust accordingly for other locations. Very sweet and richly flavorful, Green Gage is great for fresh eating, baking, preserves, and canning. Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. Plum buyers and marketers are often interested in new varieties with superior characteristics and taste, but traditional European … Flavor: Honey-sweet; Best For: All around usage; Damson. REINE CLAUDE CONDUCTA This pink/ purple skinned plum has high quality amber flesh, somewhat crisp and very sweet. Traditional European plum varieties remain poorly … European plums tend to be small, and most varieties are egg-shaped. Such fruits can never achieve the luscious, juicy quality of a tree ripened plum. Box 108 It is a large reddish-grey skin plum with an amber flesh. In some cases, plum cultivars from the same species cannot pollinate each other. ABUNDANCE PLUM. The domestic plum season extends from May through October, with Japanese types coming on the market first and peaking in August, followed by European varieties … Sort by Default Order. This means that they produce fruit even without a nearby plum tree of a different but compatible species. Vote in your post below or recommend a new variety! For best disease resistance, select President, Green Gage, Early Italian, and Bluebyrd. Japanese plums … Many inter specific hybrids also exist and these mostly have salicina like … European or Italian plums may be sold as sugar plum, Italian plum or prune, French prune, or simply "fresh prune" since it's the fruit that is dried to make prunes. They can even thrive in heavy clay soils as long as the drainage is good. Both black and yellow plums have an amber … Plum trees in this list are among the sweetest plums in our catalogue, originating in Europe, and include the famous Green Gage plum, and also the many different types of Prune plum trees . Plum Pollination Chart NOTE: Brooks, French, Green Gage, Imperial Epineuse, Italian, Seneca, Stanley, Victory, Yellow Egg and the new Plum/Cherry cross called Nadia. Tulare Giant - The Tulare Giant is a new Japanese plum variety. European Varieties. I've recently gotten a few European plum trees this fall. Serbia, nowadays a sovereign country but formerly one of the republics of Yugoslavia, is traditionally a strong player in plum production and development. Quince. Maturity Chart. These fruits are usually light green (like the Claudia variety) or purple. They can be used for fresh eating and dried to make prunes. These trees do best in well-draining soil that holds moisture with a soil pH between 6.0 and 6.5. (Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA. Read on for more European plum facts and tips on European plum growing. This species is also smaller than the Japanese plum and matures later. Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. These plum rootstocks are suitable for most European plum varieties, as well as the closely related species of gages, damsons, and mirabelles. Space them some 18 to 22 feet (5.5 to 6.7 m.) apart to allow for mature size. They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. Fax: (717) 677-4124 Phone: (717) 677-8105 Prunes from these plums are the sweetest and easiest to dry. Prunus domestica (sometimes referred to as Prunus × domestica), the European plum is a species of flowering plant in the family Rosaceae. This germplasm is still cultivated in rural areas in spite of the EU-28 crisis of the stone fruit sector. Italy has an ample number of traditional varieties, but many are neglected and at risk of extinction. According to European plum facts, these fruit trees are self-fertile. Plum trees get relatively large and require 12–18 ft. spacing. Most … Prunus domestica is the European plum. The work is divided into 3 parts: I. Quince, an uncommon type of fruit, is prized by some for its attractive flowers and unique … (Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA. In contrast, European-type plums are smaller, denser and less juicy. European plums have a much better and more interesting range of flavours than the 'Japanese' plums usually found in supermarkets. It's self-fertile and very productive. Don’t toss in fertilizer at the time of planting, but wait at least six weeks after planting to fertilize. Most plums, but not all, require cross-pollination to set adequate crops; plan to plant two different varieties. Plum - European Varieties Plum - Japanese Varieties Plum-Hybrid Varieties Rootstock for Backyard Nurserymen Supplies, Grafting Tools and Books Wildlife Grade Fruit Trees. This rustic plum tart is similar to a French galette. italica). European plums (Prunus domestica) cannot pollinate any other common plum species (and vice-versa), but the other species can typically pollinate each other, to some extent, as long as their bloom overlaps. Search AC Nursery. 'Stanley' is a versatile European plum that is widely adapted and particularly well suited to the eastern regions and some of the Northwest. The flesh is golden-yellow. European plum trees are adapted to conditions throughout most of the United States. 2. Buyers evaluate plum varieties on characteristics such as sweetness and firmness. Also, some varieties of European plum can be dried, but this is not true for Japanese varieties, and some types of Japanese plum are useful as hedge-rows in landscaping, unlike the larger, more upright growing European cultivars. The branches often have thorns. However, they need to be protected against bacteria and that can be done with the use of Bacterial Canker. European plums (Prunus domestica) cannot pollinate any other common plum species (and vice-versa), but the other species can typically pollinate each other, to some extent, as long as their bloom overlaps. Show 16 Products; Show 32 Products; Show 48 Products; Sloe plum … Aspers, PA 17304 They need many hours of direct sun a day to fruit. Gage plums and Greengage plums - The gages are a group of cultivars of the common European plum, (Prunus domestica ssp. Plums are large, usually soft-fleshed – perfect for eating or cooking (depending on the cultivar). Most garden plum trees in Northern Europe are of this species, and they are well suited to temperate climates, being hardier than the Japanese varieties and flowering later. Each variety can be researched in more detail by clicking on the plum variety name for a more comprehensive description. When you are beginning European plum growing, remember to plant your trees in a sunny site. There are not as many plum rootstocks as there are for apples, and there are no extremely-dwarfing plum rootstocks. European plums will store a considerable period, Japanese plums do not store for anywhere near as long in the fridge. All varieties are self-pollinating, except for those noted. This is one of the hardiest European plum varieties. From green to yellow to purple to red, there are so many possibilities. View … And they are certainly not just … The European plum (Prunus domestica L.) is a worldwide distributed tree species. For a shorter specimen, keep the leader cut back. Moyer plums are large plums with a long oval shape and high sugar content. Damson' This old European plum is derived from a different species than other European plums. A medium to large freestone plum, 'Stanley' is excellent for eating fresh, cooking, or canning. Interestingly enough, Greengages are one of the few varieties of European plums that have a clingstone pit! Planting Justice is a 501(c)3 non-profit. 3 of the Best Plum Varieties … In good soil plum trees will bear fruit in 3-5 years from planting out. European plum trees are larger and more erect than Japanese plums, and they bloom later - a distinct advantage in climates subject to spring frosts. There are several other species of plum tree grown to a lesser extent but still important … Damsons are especially hardy and have a spicy, tart flavour and are good cooked and jammed. The Japanese plum was first domesticated in China thousands of years ago but was extensively developed in Japan; from there it was introduced to the rest of the world. Prune them to a central leader (in a pyrarnidal shape). ). Most of the plums we eat are grown on varieties of this tree. The fruit can be up to 8 cm across, and is usually sweet (dessert plum). Combo European Plum Tree (4 varieties) % $49.99 SKU C3204 Size Options (4'-5') Tree Quantity Quantity Add to cart This self-fertile, hardy tree on semi-dwarf rootstock will grow 12-15' tall and provide loads of red and purple fruit for canning, drying and fresh eating. European plum trees (Prunus domestica) are an ancient, domesticated species of fruit tree. With regard to Plum trees, as well as the Cornish varieties such as the most sought after Kea Plum and Manaccan Plum, there are a few non Cornish varieties such as the Victoria Plum and River’s Early Prolific which are very productive and can be found in Cornish Orchards. Toll Free: (800) 377-3106 Plum species that are significant for commercial trade include the hexaploid European plum (Prunus domestica) and the diploid Japanese plum (Prunus salicina). The aforementioned are all European plums and are self-fertile. What does it look like and how does it taste? EUROPEAN PLUMS Vibrant - The first European plum to be harvested, the Vibrant is a beautiful plum with a violet-blue skin and amber flesh. This species arose in China. Below is a list of our European plum variety offerings. If you would like to view our European plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. These plum trees produce the best-known cultivated plums and the most widely distributed. They are generally more tolerant of the cold than Japanese varieties. The plants are fairly- hardy, but some varieties do well in mild-winter areas. European plum (Prunus domestica 'Topfive', Prunus domestica Topfive), plums on a tree, cultivar Topfive A beautiful, colourful array of summer tomato varieties on a bamboo surface. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! The flowering phenology, blooming time and inter-fertility relations of 63 European plum varieties has been studied at growing sites with different ecological conditions during a 10 year long period. There are two types of varieties, the European, that contain less water and more soluble solids, suitable to be dried, and the Japanese, more juicy for fresh consumption. In some cases, plum cultivars from the same species cannot pollinate each other. 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